About Lady Justice
One of the most recognized legal symbols of American justice is Lady Justice! Most commonly portrayed in the U.S. as a blindfolded woman carrying a sword and a set of scales. Symbolizing the fair and equal administration of the law, without corruption, greed, prejudice, or favor.
The depiction of a woman portraying Justice dates back to the ancient Greece and Rome. Themis, the Greek goddess of justice and law, commonly known for her clear-sightedness.
Justice, Prudence, Fortitude, and Temperance are the four Virtues. In Roman mythology Jusiticia depicted one of the four Virtues.
Lady Justice in the Supreme Court
In the Supreme Court building in Washington, DC, Lady Justice can be found in 3 places:
The Contemplation of Justice Statue (a seated female figure in a shawl) studies the smaller statue of Justice. This Justice is blindfolded and cradles a set of scales in her arms. This marble statue of Justice is about 4.5 feet high. The blindfold signifies impartiality.
At the base of the lampposts is a bas-relief of Justice. This Justice is also blindfolded and holds scales in her left hand and a sword in her right.
In the Courtroom, on the west wall, Justice appears without blindfold. This Justice is based on the story of the battle between Good Versus Evil. Her eyes are fixed on Evil to her right, and she is ready to protect the forces of Good with her sword.
Fun Facts about Lady Justice
- The blindfold represents objectivity, in that justice is or should be meted out objectively, without fear or favour, regardless of money, wealth, power, or identity; blind justice and impartiality.
- In her left hand, Lady Justice holds balance scales, which represent the weighing of evidence. When taken with the blindfold, the symbolism is that evidence must be weighed on its own merit.
- In her right hand, Lady Justice is seen to have a sword that faces downwards. This sword represents punishment. This sword is held below the scales to show that evidence and court is always held before punishment.